Medial tibial stress syndrome (Shin Splints) is a common condition that causes pain and tenderness along the inside front portion of the shinbone (tibia). The pain may occur only during exercise, or may persist after ceasing the activity. The most common cause of shin splints is inflammation in the periosteum of the tibia bone. The periosteum is a protective tissue that surrounds the bone. When this tissue is inflamed it leads to pain. Flat feet, improper footwear, a sudden increase in training volume or intensity, faulty biomechanics while running, alignment issues, and overly tight or weak calf muscles may increase an athlete’s risk of developing shin splints.
To treat shin splints, manual therapies may include one, or a combination of, the following:
ART (Active Release Technique)
IASTM (Instrument Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization
Trigger Point Dry Needling (depending on situation)